Best Methods of Soil Treatment for Snail Farming

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Do you know that the soil on which you train your snail can cause harm to the snail if not treated well? Aside from the calcium supplied to snails by the farm through feeding. Snails get calcium from the soil, for shell formation, soil treatment for soil farming is very important to the welfare of the snails.

Snail gets more quality of calcium from the soil than from what it consumes, Lays its eggs in the soil and drink water from there too.

The snail external shell is almost completely made of calcium carbonate (The snail shell is about 95%-98% calcium). It is of great importance to treat the soil before introducing your snail.

Here, we will discuss step by step, how to treat the soil for snail farming.

How to treat soil for snail farming

Sandy-loam soil is so far the best soil for snail rearing this is because of its low water holding capacity, even though snails love cool environment, they do not appreciate excessive water.

Snails love moderately cool environment, the reason why they are always seen in the bush after rain. Once a perfect site is chosen, the soil is treated before introducing them to the pens.

There are numerous ways to treat the soil to be fit for snail farming. Here, we will discuss the three main types, mostly used by snail farmers.

Soil preparation for snail rearing

Methods of soil treatment for snail farming

  • The use of chemical
  • Drying
  • Burning

The use of chemical

This involves the use of chemical substances in the treatment of the soil, the purpose is to make the soil free of harmful germs and insects.

Here, the soil is collected using a shovel, they are transported with a wheelbarrow, kept on top of another material (preferably nylon) and mixed together to increase the pore spaces and make it easier for the substance to dissolve faster.

Chemicals are applied to the soil using knapsack, (The soil is turned and mixed while application of chemical is ongoing, this will ensure that the chemical substance gets to every part of the soil).

The soil is then left to dry for 6-7 hours before they are introduced into the snail pen.

Air Drying

In this method, the soil is collected with a shovel, transported to an open area, spread (preferably on nylon), the soil is allowed to stay exposed directly to the sun for 7-9 hours, the soil is turned after every hour to as to allow sun penetrate all parts of the soil particles.

A harsh climatic condition caused by the direct exposure of the soil to the sun will cause every insect or harmful organism (s) to leave the soil thereby making the soil safe for snail rearing.

The soil is collected after drying, watered, and poured into the snail pen before the introduction of snails.


In burning, the soil is collected, moved to an open area, poured inside a metal and burned for 1-2 hours, the heat from the fire kills insects and organisms in the soil making it suitable for snail farming.

snail house

The soil is allowed to cool, and watered before pouring it into the snail pen, snails are introduced after that.

It is very important that the soil is made fit for the snail to survive on before introducing your snail else you risk getting the snails infected.

The Importance of treating the soil for snail rearing

  • It keeps the soil free of germ and harmful insects.
  • It ensures healthy snails; snails consume the soil they find themselves in, if the soil is not germfree, it will be harmful to the snail
  • Reduces cost of management, infected soil is like a pathogen, if not treated, the snails are at risk of getting infected, the money will be spent on vaccination, treating the soil ensures fewer expenses on vaccination
  • It promotes neatness.Conclusion

Insects, termites, and other organisms in the soil can be very harmful to snails if not properly taken care of, the reduction or complete eradication of these organisms in the soil through soil treatment before introducing the snails is an important managerial practice.

It mediates the presence of infectious insects and germs, ensures healthier and cleaner snails and productivity.

Snail farmers are encouraged to carry out this practice for better, healthier, and productive snail farming. It should be done properly to obtain the required result.


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